AMCA Journal of Health & Wellness <p><strong>AMCA Journal of Health &amp; Wellness</strong> (<strong>AJHW</strong>) is an official international journal published by the Association of Muslim Community in ASEAN (AMCA) that emphasizes the study and discusses a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. <strong>AJHW</strong> publishes scientific papers from original research, review articles, studies and articles, book reviews, and case studies with the theme about health, human quality, wellness and meaningfull of life. This paper emphasizes the study of physical and psychological health and its implications for human growth until ageing. This journal aims to provide the publication of high-quality reference papers and contributions are received from all relevant and insightful areas in the field of health and wellness. <strong>AJHW</strong> is issued twice a year (May and November). The journal is published in the online version, is free access and download.</p> en-US (Editor) (Puji Sumarsono) Wed, 15 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Women's reproductive health rights to population control: An investigation carried out in riverine areas of Sonitpur District of Assam <p>Reproductive health rights guarantee that individuals can procreate freely, choosing when and how often to do so, and that they can have fulfilling and safe sexual relationships. This study focuses on the knowledge and practices of women in the riverine area with regard to reproductive health rights. By empowering women to make decisions about the number of children they want, how many to have, and how to use contraception, this study contributes to population control. Focus groups and case studies were used to perform a descriptive study with 103 women in the reproductive age range of 18 to 49 years old living in a riverine location in the Sonitpur district of Assam, India. The bulk of the 103 responders or 18–27 years old, were in this age range. The majority of them lacked basic knowledge about reproductive health and rights and were illiterate. Additionally, the women don't use the family planning services that the primary health centers offer. As a result, women in Assamese riverine areas possessed very little knowledge and practiced few reproductive health rights, which led to an imbalance in population control.</p> Anurag Hazarika, Samikshya Madhukullya Copyright (c) 2023 AMCA Journal of Health & Wellness Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Association of Polycystic ovaries with intima media thickness of common carotid artery polycystic ovarian syndrome <p>Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. The syndrome is named after the characteristic of the cysts, which may form on the ovaries, though it is important to note that this is a sign and not the underlying cause of the disorder. The objective of this study was to check the CIMT in PCOs patients by comparing with healthy women that either atherosclerosis more commonly occurs in PCOs patients or in healthy women. A comparative analytical study was conducted at the University Ultrasound Clinic Green Town, Lahore for duration of 7 months. 300 females of reproductive age were included in this study. 152 women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and 148 healthy controls. The mean age of participants in the study was 28 + 6.2 years with a range of 19 – 43 years. Mean carotid intima-media thickness in women with PCOS was 0.6 + 0.15 mm and 0.3 in healthy controls. Out of 300 study participants, 130 (43.3 %) were non-obese and 170 (56.7 %) were obese. According to the current study, Women with PCOS are more likely to have symptoms of early systemic atherosclerosis at a young age, as seen by their higher carotid IMT measurements. </p> Arooj Aslam, Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Iqra Manzoor, Ayeesha Shidiqa, Zahra Sakhi, Lina Khaled Jallad, Nimra Yaqoob, Saba Tufail, M. Arslan Tabassum Copyright (c) 2023 AMCA Journal of Health & Wellness Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The use of digital health services to manage dementia <p>The growing elderly population accelerates age-related pathology and dementia risk, negatively impacting health, social conditions, and economic well-being. Early detection and prevention are crucial, as there is no viable therapy for dementia. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can slow dementia progression, but global health systems struggle with access due to shortages of specialists and long travel times. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends democratizing and expanding health institutions to combat dementias. This article evaluates local and global dementia cases and discusses digital efforts to combat their spread, focusing on the cognitively impaired population.</p> Gautam Makwana Copyright (c) 2023 AMCA Journal of Health & Wellness Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Treatment of tumor with an extract from the shell of an aquatic animal <p>A kind of marine animal with a unique evolution status, has many bioactive substances with special functions. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor effects of four different extracts derived from&nbsp; shells (aqueous and methanolic extracts of burned and normal&nbsp; shell powder). Aqueous and methanolic extracts of burned&nbsp; shell powder were shown to be cytotoxic and inhibit the in vitro proliferation of human laryngeal carcinoma tumor cell lines (Hep-2) and human Rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (RD) and one murine mammary adenocarcinoma tumor cell line (AMN3), in the dose and time-dependent manner. Clinical and laboratory results of burnt crust extracts showed a strong antitumor effect.&nbsp;Inhibited % in vitro proliferation of human laryngeal carcinoma tumor cell lines (Hep-2) was 66.1%, 76.45%, and 76%&nbsp; at&nbsp;&nbsp; 24hr,48 hr, and 72 hr respectively.&nbsp;While at human Rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (RD) Inhibited % in vitro proliferation cell lines were&nbsp; 67.4%, 50.6%, and 51.8% at 24 hr,48 hr, and 72 hr respectively, in murine mammary adenocarcinoma tumor cell line (AMN3), the main inhibition were 66.1 % at 250 µg/ml at 72 hr.</p> Sharif Fadhel Abood Al-Alawachi Copyright (c) 2023 AMCA Journal of Health & Wellness Wed, 15 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Frequency of pulmonary hypertension in patients undergoing computed tomography chest in tertiary care hospitals <p>Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a devastating disease with significant disability and mortality, and it has much higher frequency than previously thought. To determine the frequency of pulmonary hypertension in patients undergoing contrast enhanced computed tomography chest in tertiary care hospitals of Lahore. Descriptive study among 151 patients of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension were selected with age and gender discrimination by convenient sampling, at Combined Military Hospital Lahore. Computed Tomography machine Toshiba Aquiline 64 Slice was used. This study analyzed data from 151 patients who sought medical attention for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) at the radiology department. The patients’ ages ranged from 20 to 80 years, with an average age of 48.41 years. Out of the total patients, 93 were males (61.6%), and 58 were females (38.4%). Further examination revealed that 130 patients (86.1%) had a Dilated Inferior Vena Cava (IVC), while 138 patients(91.4%) had an Enlarged Caliber of the right Pulmonary Artery. Additionally, 95 patients (63%) had an Enlarged Pulmonary Trunk, and 50 patients (33%) were diagnosed with Filling defects. These findings provide valuable insights into the age and gender distribution and the frequency of specific indicators in patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. The study revealed a considerable frequency of pulmonary hypertension (64.2%). Study found a significant number of cases, with indicators like an enlarged pulmonary trunk (62.9%), and filling defects (33.1%). Males had more instances than females. Notably, people aged 50-65 years were most affected. This shows the importance of addressing pulmonary hypertension in CECT patients, considering gender differences, and focusing on the 50-65 age group for better diagnosis and treatment. More research is needed to understand this condition better and improve patient care</p> Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Safa Saeed Siddiqui, Salma Rubab, Rabia Irshad, Hafiza Hibba Rabbani, Kainaat Abbas Copyright (c) 2023 AMCA Journal of Health & Wellness Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000