Learning Reform: Why does Behavioral Theory prevent interactive teaching?


  • Rr. Eko Susetyarini Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
  • Baiduri Baiduri Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
  • Rani Darmayanti Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
  • Nuryami Nuryami Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
  • Yani Sukriah Siregar Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
  • Nur Sahara Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
  • Kabul Suprayitno Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia




Behavioral theory, Learning reform, Interactive teaching, Token system


During interactive learning, the teacher plays a crucial role in engaging pupils in developing essential skills such as critical thinking, social interaction, and practical abilities. The shift in the learning paradigm has led to enhancements in the education system in Indonesia. Several initiatives have been implemented to enhance and elevate the standard of education. Teaching can be successful by utilizing educational and learning theory ideas, such as behaviourist theory. Behaviourist theory is frequently criticized for its inability to elucidate intricate learning scenarios, as it tends to reduce various educational and learning factors into simple stimulus and response associations. Conventional methods in this scenario indicate that behavioural learning approaches prioritize discipline and instruction, thereby impeding the development of interactive teaching connections. The research utilized the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) approach. The study used journal articles from the Publish or Perish search application extracted from the Google Scholar database between 2014 and 2024. The keywords used were "Behavioural principles," "Token system," "Group contingency," "Instructional reform," and "impact." The research starts by analyzing the fundamental principles of behaviourism, evaluating attitudes or behaviour using different examples of changes in interactive learning, and explaining the implementation of suitable behaviour in each learning design process from a theoretical perspective. This study provides detailed insights into utilizing 4-term contingencies involving motivational operations, token systems, and group contingencies. It highlights the influential role of behavioural theory in shaping the execution of educational reforms in the classroom, drawing from theoretical and practical perspectives. Behavioural principles can shape academic conclusions. Moreover, applied behaviour analysis can be used to achieve functional classroom learning improvements.


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How to Cite

Susetyarini, R. E. ., Baiduri, B., Darmayanti, R., Nuryami, N., Siregar, Y. S. ., Sahara, N., & Suprayitno, K. (2024). Learning Reform: Why does Behavioral Theory prevent interactive teaching?. AMCA Journal of Community Development, 4(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.51773/ajcd.v4i1.117