Association of Polycystic ovaries with intima media thickness of common carotid artery polycystic ovarian syndrome
Keywords:Carotid Intima Media Thickness, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Obesity, Body Mass Index
Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. The syndrome is named after the characteristic of the cysts, which may form on the ovaries, though it is important to note that this is a sign and not the underlying cause of the disorder. The objective of this study was to check the CIMT in PCOs patients by comparing with healthy women that either atherosclerosis more commonly occurs in PCOs patients or in healthy women. A comparative analytical study was conducted at the University Ultrasound Clinic Green Town, Lahore for duration of 7 months. 300 females of reproductive age were included in this study. 152 women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and 148 healthy controls. The mean age of participants in the study was 28 + 6.2 years with a range of 19 – 43 years. Mean carotid intima-media thickness in women with PCOS was 0.6 + 0.15 mm and 0.3 in healthy controls. Out of 300 study participants, 130 (43.3 %) were non-obese and 170 (56.7 %) were obese. According to the current study, Women with PCOS are more likely to have symptoms of early systemic atherosclerosis at a young age, as seen by their higher carotid IMT measurements.